It could be strengthened further by suggesting HOW Richardson’s sympathies are undermined by her traditional attitudes. Question. A good historical question is broad enough to interest you and, hopefully, your classmates. Answer: 3 question Historians disagree about Jackson's legacy. Historians, libraries and museums now are making sure, in that way, history does not repeat itself with the coronavirus pandemic. Novels about the packing yards, such as Upton Sinclair’s. What do official records not tell? … Also, the author has detected a contradiction in the text, a tension that the paper can fruitfully analyze. History. If so, when and where and how? OR, Does the thesis present an argument about the material? Pick a topic that students in the class and average people walking down the street could find interesting or useful. x��][o#7�~���/H���{c/�I��H�ř�}��m�%e���g����K_h�z8�%�Y,���q�W?�������V�����������(��j��X��e����x��?��Ż����^ How were they important in the early nineteenth century? Secondary sources, primary sources and material evidence such as that derived from archaeology may all be drawn on, and the historian's skill lies in identifying these sources, evaluating their relative authority, and combining their testimony appropriately in order to construct an accurate and reliable picture of past events and environments. 3 0 obj Choosing a particular geographic place (a specific location), subject group (who? Why? More ‘neutral’ textbooks, more short source extracts, more common question types, more specific mark schemes, and so on. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> However, this question does not position you to explore the larger processes that were taking place in the plant over time, nor why they are important for understanding sex, race and gender in American history. 2. How do you think the text was received by this audience? It is thought that human beings developed language c. 35,000 BCE as evidenced by cave paintings from the period of the Cro-Magnon Man (c. 50,000-30,000 BCE) which appear to express concepts concerning daily life. To learn about the past we have two alternatives. The University of Wisconsin’s writing center page offers a helpful introduction to the traditional method of citing sources laid out in The Chicago Manual. How would we know of past events if it they had never been documented? - the answers to How do the official records of the British administration help historians to write about the last 250 years of Indian history? If you think interracial relationships are an interesting topic and you find the 1940s to be an equally fascinating time period, come up with a question that incorporates both these interests. (This is your goal.). With what aspects of the text (content, form, style) can you most readily identify? However, in the nineteenth century, James Mill, a Scottish political philosopher and economist, divided Indian history on the basis of religion into three periods namely, Hindu, Muslim and British. 1. stream Examples (why and how, compare/contrast, explanatory): A good historical question must be phrased in such a way that the question doesn’t predetermine the answer. They are there to help. Which one of the sources do historians use in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history? Historians do not even go in for ballads, nor is one likely to see them trying their hands at history painting or writing librettos for operas. How do the layout, typographical details, and accompanying illustrations inform you about the purpose of the document, the author’s historical and cultural position, and that of the intended audience? These individuals write history books about all kinds of topics, times, people, and places. Asks a good historical question; Tells how its interpretation connects to previous work by other historians, and; Offers a well-organized and persuasive thesis of its own. Exceptions include: short discussion assignments; five page analytical papers where you have been assigned the specific texts that you are analyzing. Is the thesis overly descriptive? A historian has the fascinating job of studying and interpreting the past. To study history is to do history. Is the audience regional? A short film, such as an actualité, made during the period that shows the yards. 2 0 obj One of the important sources is the records of the British administration. Why? However, a short answer does not need to entirely restate a question. So, historians and archaeologists are like detectives who use all these sources like clues to discover the past. But note how the language is still vague. For example: “How did white and African-American defense plant workers create and think about interracial relationships during World War Two?” This question investigates broad issues—interracial romance, sexual identity—but within a specific context—World War Two and the defense industry. The vast majority of historical writing will thus be discursive prose works, though the chance that some of their words may be performed by actors is greater now than it once was. However, to get the best mark possible, it’s important to analyse your HSC Modern History sources quickly and flawlessly during the exam. You’re fascinating by the development of the Klan, and repelled by its ideas, so the first question you think about asking is “Why was the Klan so racist?’ This is not a good historical question, because it assumed what you ought to prove in your paper that the Klan was racist. Perhaps there may have been several important events that day, including a fight over an interracial relationship. are the most common ways to limit a historical question. If, for example, your topic is the experience of workers in the Chicago packinghouses during the first decades of the twentieth century, your primary sources might be: The medium of the primary source can be anything, including written texts, objects, buildings, films, paintings, cartoons, etc. It would take several books to answer this question. Although the line of history has stopped moving, the time periods taken in by historians have gotten longer. When you are writing your paper, you will cite these historians—both their arguments about the material, and also (sometimes) their research findings. How might the text be received by those for whom it was NOT intended? Update for 2017-18: The number of required short answer questions has been reduced to three, and … Consider the following questions when reviewing your thesis paragraphs: The thesis paragraph usually has three parts: (1) the subject of your paper, (2) your argument about the topic, and (3) the evidence you’ll be using to argue your thesis. Also visit U of T’s advice file on documenting sources for a concise overview on the traditional method. Analyze historians’ interpretations, historical sources, and propositions about history. 1 0 obj A good question is narrow enough so that you can find a persuasive answer to it in time to meet the due date for this class paper. Don’t stop looking for secondary sources until you begin to turn up the same titles over and over again. You can only score marks if you are being relevant, so take your time, before plunging into the writing, to think clearly about the meaning of the essay title and to make an essay plan. Historians, libraries and museums now are making sure, in that way, history does not repeat itself with the coronavirus pandemic. Answer. Remember: when lost, confused etc., ask a reference librarian! 3. Use such devices as metaphor, simile, or other rhetorical devices? 1. As Richard Marius and Melvin E. Page attest in their book A Short Guide to Writing About History, "history and writing are inseparable." ‘Important’ in this context is a meaningless, bombastic word and the field of history is far too vast, the labouring historians in the field far too numerous, for any answer to be valid. Answer questions that may include texts, images, graphs, or maps. Note that the language is specific (commitment to women’s economic independence, as example). <>>> Was the document published? The structure of a short answer is important. Maps that show the location of the packing house plants, made during the period you are studying. Before you can eliminate passive voice, you must first learn what it is and how to locate it in your writing. ), and periodization (from when to when?) The alternative is to make what happens at GCSE and (especially) A-Level more like university. �����wR ��e�I&ʸ��L|�U ����b{R[����v����?�WI�ڭ�U�~�u�����? A primary source is a document that was created at the time of the event or subject you’ve chosen to study or by people who were observers of or participants in that event or topic. Once you have a topic in mind, you need to find out what other scholars have written about your topic. The British believed that the act of writing was important. Most of the time, though, you’ll find that other scholars have used different sources and/or asked different questions, and that reading their work will help you place your own paper in perspective. Ques 8: Mention one important source used by historians in writing about the last 230 years of Indian history. What does a short answer question require me to do? Short Answer Patterns . You will read sources (primary and/or secondary), think about them, and interpret them to answer … These images suggest a language because, in some instances, they seem to tell a story (say, of a hunting expedition in which specific events occurred) rather than being simply pictures of animals and people. After you’ve located and analyzed some primary sources and read the existing secondary literature on your topic, you’re ready to begin researching and writing your paper. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, “Voice shows whether the subject [of a sentence] acts ... or is acted on ... – that is, whether the subject performs or receives the action of the verb.1 So, a sentence in which the subject performs the verb’s action is in active voice, and a sentence in which the subject receives the force or action of the verb is in passive voice. The Britishers were of a view that each and every policy and agreement should be recorded so that it could be studied and debated if needed. Without a subject and an auxiliary verb, a short answer is not a full answer. Write a paragraph which you describe your own thoughts and opinions about Jackson's actions while in office. Who is the author, and why did he or she create the document? Does it simply describe something in the past? the person who tells it) are not necessarily one and the same. Chicago newspapers, c. 1900-1920, in a variety of languages. Historians rely on different sources for writing history such as: Administration Records. What sort of question is the thesis answering? If they’ve used the same sources you were thinking of using and reached the same conclusions, there’s no point in repeating their work, so you should look for another topic. The example above already contains a limited subject group (whites and African-Americans) and a short time period (WWII, 1941-1945); simply adding a place, such as “in the Bay Area” or “in Puget Sound” further narrows the topic: “How did white and African-American defense plant workers in the San Francisco Bay area create and think about interracial relationships during World War Two?” is a much more manageable question than one that addresses all defense workers. A particular subset of “the American people”? How does the text reflect or mask such factors as the class, race, gender, ethnicity, or regional background of its creator/narrator? Because they often lack a main verb, they are technically not complete sentences. How and why? The best way write a narrow question is to put some limitations on the question’s range. U.S. census records concerning neighborhood residents for 1900 and 1910. Answer. Do not use parenthetical author-page numbers as a general rule. Let’s say you’ve decided to study the Tillamook Ku Klux Klan. Ans: The official records of the British administration. The thesis does not suggest why or how Richardson’s book is “provocative.”. A mechanical conveyor system, used to move carcasses from one room to another at the time and place you are researching. There are 8,000 dissertations out of the 30,000 in the set that have two years in the title: usually, those are start and end dates. What makes the source a “primary” source is when it was made, not what it is. For example, “What happened on Thursday, Dec.12, 1943 at the Boeing bomber plant in Albany, California?” is too narrow. What cultural value systems does the writer/narrator embrace? After selecting a broad topic of interest, narrow it down so that it will not take hundreds of pages to communicate what happened and why it was important. In history courses, you should use the traditional endnote or footnote system with superscript numbers when citing sources. The preferred guide for citations in history is The Chicago Manual of Style. Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical examination. Put those titles you see most frequently and those that are most recently published at the very top of your list of things to read, since they are likely to be the most significant and/or complete interpretations. Are there any oversights or “blind spots” that strike you as particularly salient? “The narrator of Dorothy Richardson’s 1905 work, The Long Day, exemplifies many ideas and perspectives of the early twentieth century’s new feminism.” This is a bit better, since the author is actually suggesting that there might be an argument about early twentieth-century feminism. And the only way we can do history is to examine the available records from the past and then write about them. Once sources are found, learning about the past becomes an adventure, as we reconstruct it bit by bit. If they’ve used the same sources you were thinking of using and reached the same conclusions, there’s no point in repeating their work, so you should look for another topic. What ideas and perspectives? s�8��Z&+���r���;�,�̣���a��_�!���wZ�X���"}���p^g�����Σ���:��W��U �� <> Answer: Historians often use the word source to refer to the information found from manuscripts, inscriptions and archaeology. Access answers to hundreds of history questions explained in a way that's incredibly easy for you to understand. Tells how its interpretation connects to previous work by other historians, and. Writing is the physical manifestation of a spoken language. From a literary perspective, does the writer employ any generic conventions? When people need detailed, nuanced information about the past, they go to historians to get the facts. Example: “As Tera Hunter has argued concerning Atlanta’s laundresses, black women workers preferred work outside the homes of their white employers”(and then you would cite Hunter in a footnote, including page numbers). This is a solid thesis. Most of the time, though, you’ll find that other scholars have used different sources and/or asked different questions, and that reading their work will help you place your own paper in perspective. They wrote about the history of Jesus Christ, that of the Church and that of their patrons, the dynastic history of the local rulers. Why and how questions are often good choices, and so are questions that ask you to compare and contrast a topic in different locations or time periods; so are questions that ask you to explain the relationship between one event or historical process and another. Historians are interested in oral traditions because they want to learn about the past. Autobiographies of meat packing executives, workers, etc., published even many years later. (If there are three or more, I take the outer limits). Usually, only the "official" history gets into the books. So, doing history means writing history. Answer. So while a historian’s introduction to Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle (1906) is a secondary source, the novel itself, written in 1906, is a primary source. Answer: (b) Official records of the British administration endobj Which seem most foreign to you? Ques 7: Why do many historians refer to modem period as colonial? Mention one important source used by historians in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history. One answer to this problem is to make university history more like school history. How do the official records of the British administration help historians to write about the last 250 years of Indian history? Historians who write history emphasize the value of primary sources, that is those sources actually dating from a particular time period, while understanding the limitations of such sources. A better question so ask would be “What was the Klan’s attitude and behavior toward African Americans and immigrants, and why?”. The HSC Modern History source question is the section where you can pick up some easy marks. (а) Official records of the French administration (b) Official records of the British administration (c) Official records of the Church administration (d) None of the above. Hence, they got written up every instruction, plan, policy decision, agreement, investigation, etc. ��*]��Y�K|���wߩ��q���t��a*� How do we come to know about them? Music, such as work songs or blues ballads, made or adapted during the time you are researching. History can be a difficult subject for many students, but luckily we’re here to help. Non- historians read books or watch documentaries, while historians … 4 0 obj Now that you’re doing your own history research and writing, you should step up to the specialized bibliographies historians use for their own work. what groups? Our history question and answer board features hundreds of history experts waiting to provide answers to your questions. Offers a well-organized and persuasive thesis of its own. %���� Asking a good historical question: Get help with your history homework! Does the thesis paragraph suggest how the author plans to make his or her argument. You want to move past just looking for books in the library. We’ll take you through 8 steps of analysing your source to write the perfect Band 6 response! What sources do historians use in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history? <> Using clues from the document itself, its form, and its content, who is the intended audience for the text? Have your thesis answer a “how” or “why” question, rather than a “what” question. History Questions and Answers from Chegg. A typical Carolina history course includes several kinds of writing assignments: Research papers —As the name suggests, these assignments require you to engage in full-fledged historical research. %PDF-1.5 Rather than subjecting actual events - say, the Rape of Nanking - to historical analysis, the subject of historiography is the history of the history of the event: the way it has been written, the sometimes conflicting objectives pursued by those writing on it over time, and the way in which such factors shape our understanding of the actual event at stake, and of the nature of history itself. This method of classifying history is followed by the western countries which signify their growth and technology. Answer the question, the whole question and nothing but the question. A “what” question will usually land you in the world of endless description, and while some description is often necessary, what you really should focus on is your thinking, your analysis, your insights. How does the author describe, grapple with, or ignore contemporaneous historical events? Settlement house records and manuscripts. Why does the author choose to narrate the text in the manner chosen? The same goes for historian’s introductions to and editorial comments on collections of primary documents; these materials, too, are secondary sources because they’re twice removed from the actual event or process you’re going to be writing about. 1.3 Why Write History? “While The Long Day’s narrator exemplifies many tenets of the new feminism, such as a commitment to women’s economic independence, her feminist sympathies are undermined by her traditional attitudes towards female sexual expression.” OK. Now we are getting somewhere! endobj Written language, ho… Which cultural myths or ideologies does the author endorse or attack? When and by whom was this particular document written? The first thing to do if you have a history essay to write, is to really spend some time evaluating the question you are being asked. Historians classify history on the basis of time - as ancient, medieval and modern. A good historical question demands an answer that is not just yes or no. So each of the short answer problems is three questions long and they all discuss one facet of American history. How do we know? What do you think. No matter how well-written, well-argued, or well-evidenced your essay is, if you don't answer the answer the question you have been asked, you cannot expect to receive a top mark. Nonetheless, professional historians have generally agreed on a number of conventions, or practices, that distinguish history writing from writing in other academic disciplines. “Why and how did Latina women in Texas challenge their traditional sexual identities in the 1960s?” or “Why and how did captivity narratives define interracial romance in colonial America?”, “Gay liberation over time and space: The Stonewall Uprising and Harvey Milk assassination protests compared;” or “Sex and gender after the war is over: The contrast between the post-World War One and World War Two eras.”, “Go West, Young Woman: the rise of the popular newspaper, western boosterism, and the origins of women in professional journalism;” or “Sit-coms, kitchens, and Mom: TV and the redefinition of femininity and domesticity, 1950-1975.”. Once you have a topic in mind, you need to find out what other scholars have written about your topic. Even the stories and myths of ancient cultures, many of which relied heavily on the oral tradition, were subject to intense transformations after years of repetition. �~͝�U����C�0�d�{WH+w��.��Ы�Xd���@��G`������#C`�6��}^���J�ץ�V�,�a��ey��k�I���X�GF9QY�,O��qTe8���/މ�~x/����r"�.�TrQ�Q\. Ans: It is because, under British rule people did not have equality, freedom or liberty—the symbols of modernity. endobj When writing a historical research paper, your goal is to choose a topic and write a paper that. Question. Does the thesis answer a research question? Think of your thesis as answering a question. [adapted in part from Peggy Pascoe’s site at the University of Oregon], When writing a historical research paper, your goal is to choose a topic and write a paper that. Has the document been edited? What is the format of the document? WARNING: Avoid a question that only looks at one specific event or process. You can ask any history question and get expert answers in as little as two hours. Writing history was popular among Christian monks and clergy in the Middle Ages. (Remember that “race” is a factor when dealing with cultural forms of people identified as “white,” that “men” possess “gender,” and that the North and Midwest are regions of local as well as national significance.). And so your job in these questions is not to try to write an essay, but merely to just answer A, B, and C, which will be related to each other, and you have about the front of one blue book page to do this, so really no more than 200 words. National? Does the document remind you of contemporaneous or present-day cultural forms that you have encountered? As you compose or revise your history paper, consider these guidelines: sWrite in the past tense. Let’s take this one step at a time. To what effect does Richardson’s work deal with these ideas? Is the thesis clearly and succinctly stated? Written by Elspeth H. Brown, Department of History, University of Wisconsin’s writing center page. Taken from the APUSH website, a short answer question will have you: 1. WARNING: Avoid selecting a topic that is too broad: “How has war affected sex in America?” is too broad. Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where Long Answer Type Questions. Primary sources would not, however, include books written by historians about this topic, because books written by historians are called “secondary” sources. “Dorothy Richardson’s The Long Day is a provocative portrayal of working class women’s lives in the early part of the twentieth century.” This is a weak thesis for a paper, since it is overly vague and general, and is basically descriptive in nature. Remember that the author of the text (i.e., the person who creates it) and the narrator of the text (i.e. The British believed that the act of writing was important. oral histories of packing house employees’ experiences, though a historian’s comments on those oral histories would be a secondary source. This is something I do hope that universities will resist.