James Weldon Johnson put it eloquently. And it is no wonder that in one of its sorrow songs, the Negro could sing out, “Sometimes I feel like a motherless child.” What great estrangement, what great sense of rejection caused a people to emerge with such a metaphor, as they looked over their lives. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (05:50) Martin Luther King, Jr.: (23:54) (Yes, sir) And that did it. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (43:12) And so I realize that if we are to have a truly integrated society, men and women will have to rise to the majestic heights of being obedient to the unenforceable. They were humiliating conditions. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (05:32) Dr. King's "The Other America" Speech at Stanford. But these are the persons who are in the labor market, who still go to employment agencies to seek jobs, and so they can be calculated. I realize and understand the discontent and the agony and the disappointment, and even the bitterness of those who feel that whites in America cannot be trusted. (Speak, Doctor). We’ve fought across the South, in various struggles to get rid of legal, overt segregation and all of the humiliation that surrounded that system of segregation. If one says that I am not good enough to live next door to him, if one says that I am not good enough to eat at a lunch counter, to have a good, decent job or to go to school with him, merely because of my race, he is saying, consciously or unconsciously, that I do not deserve to exist. And I said to him that it does not help the Negro, it only deepens his frustration, for unfeeling, insensitive people to say to him that other ethnic groups who migrated, are immigrants to this country that’s 100 years ago or so, have gotten beyond him, and he came here some 344 years ago. The fact is that the state of California voted a fair housing bill out of existence before anybody shouted black power or before anybody rioted in Watts. One America is beautiful for our situation. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (31:22) There have been some indictments, but no one has been convicted. After the Birmingham Movement, which did a great deal to subpoena the conscience of a large segment of the nation, to appear before the judgment seat of morality on the whole question of civil rights. Hitler was a sick and tragic man who carried racism to its logical conclusion, and he ended up leading a nation to the point of killing about six million Jews. In 1964, the Civil Rights Bill came into being. How long will justice be crucified, (Speak) and truth bear it?" Some have literally slept in the mud. And so you can see what I mean when I say that in the Negro community, that is a major, tragic, and staggering Depression that we face in our everyday lives. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (35:57) — Stanford Education (@StanfordEd) November 16, 2020. Truth forever on the scaffold wronged, forever on the throne. And the fact is that millions of Negros, as a result of centuries of denial and neglect, have been left bootless. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. will be celebrated this year as America’s only ‘Black holiday’ Monday, Jan. 19. I believe in the need for conversion, in many instances, and regeneration, to use theological terms. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (25:40) (Yes, sir) He gave him Jim Crow. It’s more difficult today because we are struggling now for genuine equality, and it’s much easier to integrate a lunch counter than it is to guarantee a livable income and a good, solid job. And also a bill to make the administration of justice real, all over our country. And I think this is what we’ve got to see now, and this is what makes the struggle much more difficult. And the only way this problem will be solved is by the nation taking a strong stand and by state governments taking a strong stand against housing segregation and against discrimination in all of these areas. And in this America, millions of young people grow up in the sunlight of opportunity. And I would be the first to say that if the race problem in America is to be solved, the white person must treat the Negro right, not merely because the law says it, but because it’s natural. (Yes, sir) March on poverty (Let us march) until no starved man walks the streets of our cities and towns (Yes, sir) in search of jobs that do not exist. And as we look at these problems, we see them growing and developing every day. (Yes, sir), "‘Cause the battle am in my hand." On 14 April 1967, Martin Luther King, Jr., made his second visit to Stanford's Memorial Auditorium. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (22:03) Before the Pilgrim fathers landed at Plymouth, we were here. The confrontation of good and evil compressed in the tiny community of Selma (Speak, speak) generated the massive power (Yes, sir. 4 RICHTON PARK LIBRARY MLK PROGRAM: Rev. And at that same period, America was giving millions of acres of land in the West and the Midwest, which meant that America was willing to undergird its white peasants from Europe with an economic flower that would make it possible to grow and develop, and refused to give that economic flower to its black peasants, so to speak. (Yes, sir). In this America, people are poor by the millions. On each page, you'll find a full transcript of the speech as well as some additional background information. Even though it may be true that the law cannot make a man love me, it can restrain him from lynching me, and I think that’s pretty important also. Racial segregation as a way of life did not come about as a natural result of hatred between the races immediately after the Civil War. And so there can be no separate black path to power and fulfillment that does not intersect white routes. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (44:15) Famous Speeches and Great Talks. (Stanford University - April 14, 1967) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivering "The Other America" speech to the student body of Stanford University. Our whole campaign in Alabama has been centered around the right to vote. It comes through the tireless efforts and the persistent work of dedicated individuals, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the primitive forces of social stagnation. (Yes, sir) The bombing of our homes will not dissuade us. In the glow of the lamplight on my desk a few nights ago, I gazed again upon the wondrous sign of our times, full of hope and promise of the future. Destroying the lives of little boys and little girls in Vietnam. I went on to remind him that no other racial group has been a slave on American soil. Speak) There never was a moment in American history (Yes, sir) more honorable and more inspiring than the pilgrimage of clergymen and laymen of every race and faith pouring into Selma to face danger (Yes) at the side of its embattled Negroes. I must admit to you that there are still some difficult days ahead. Public transportation was segregated, and often we had to sit in the back. I feel that violence will only create more social problems than they will solve, that in a real sense, it is impractical for the Negro to even think of mounting a violent revolution in the United States. By the thousands, students and adults decided to sit in at segregated lunch counters, to protest conditions there. (Yes, sir) Just ten years ago, in this very city, a new philosophy was born of the Negro struggle. In a real sense, we’re all caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (16:53) It tolls for thee. Certainly, we must develop within a sense of dignity and self-respect that nobody else can give us, a sense of manhood, a sense of personhood, a sense of not being ashamed of our heritage, not being ashamed of our color. (Yes, sir) The battle is in our hands in Mississippi and Alabama and all over the United States. Yet that scaffold sways the future. Now, there’s another thing that I’d like to mention, as I talk about the massive action program, and time will not permit me to go into specific programmatic action to any great degree. I think there is an answer to that myth, and it is that time is neutral. And so the unemployment rate among whites, at one time, was about the same as the unemployment rate among Negros. Before the beautiful words of the Star Spangled Banner were written, we were here. And the theory that another group or another race is totally depraved, innately impure, and innately inferior. And they find themselves impoverished aliens in this affluent society. (Yes, sir) From Montgomery to Birmingham, (Yes, sir) from Birmingham to Selma, (Yes, sir) from Selma back to Montgomery, (Yes) a trail wound in a circle long and often bloody, yet it has become a highway up from darkness. [Audience:] (Speak) Our bodies are tired and our feet are somewhat sore. On 14 April 1967, Martin Luther King, Jr., visited Stanford University and gave a talk entitled "The Other America" at Memorial Auditorium. And it is tragic, indeed, that Congress, last year, allowed this bill to die. Thus, the southern wage level was kept almost unbearably low. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (04:12) They’ve lost hope. Yes, sir) to turn the whole nation to a new course. But over and over again, at the same time, it made certain backwards steps. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (00:44) We shall overcome because James Russell Lowell is right. They then directed the placement on the books of the South of laws that made it a crime for Negroes and whites to come together as equals at any level. In this America, millions of people experience every day the opportunity of having life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in all of their dimensions. In the final analysis, racism is evil because its ultimate logic is genocide. Some quotes by Martin Luther King Jr. are remembered widely, often evoking the tenets of love, peace and unity in the quest for justice. (Yes, sir) And his children, too, learned to feed upon Jim Crow, (Speak) their last outpost of psychological oblivion. It’s not merely a struggle against extremist behavior toward Negros. (Go ahead. There again, there are those who always say to Negros, why don’t you do something for yourself? The sermons and speeches of Martin Luther King Jr., comprise an extensive catalog of American writing and oratory – some of which are internationally well-known, while others remain unheralded, and some await re-discovery.. Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent African-American clergyman, a civil rights leader, and a Nobel laureate. His speech highlighted the need to achieve economic and social equality. Let us march on ballot boxes (Let us march) until we send to our city councils (Yes, sir), state legislatures, (Yes, sir) and the United States Congress, (Yes, sir) men who will not fear to do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God. They saturated the thinking of the poor white masses with it, (Yes) thus clouding their minds to the real issue involved in the Populist Movement. (Yes, sir), These words I have given you just as they were given us by the unknown, long-dead, dark-skinned originator. I say that however unpleasant it is, we must honestly see and admit that racism is still deeply rooted all over America. (Yes, sir), I come to say to you this afternoon, however difficult the moment, (Yes, sir) however frustrating the hour, it will not be long, (No sir) because "truth crushed to earth will rise again." I think we are going to achieve our freedom because however much America strays away from the ideals of justice, the goal of America is freedom. (All right) We must follow nonviolence and love. What it is necessary to see is that there has never been a single, solid, monistic, determined commitment on the part of the vast majority of white Americans on the whole question of civil rights and on the whole question of racial equality. Somewhere, we must come to see that social progress never rolls in on the wheels of inevitability. For nearly two years Bob Fitch was staff photographer for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), of which Martin Luther King Jr. was president. (Yes, sir. All of these things represented strides. (Yes, sir), Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord; (Yes, sir), He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; (Yes), He has loosed the fateful lightning of his terrible swift sword; (Yes, sir), He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat; (Speak, sir), He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment seat. (Yes, sir. Martin Luther King: I Have A Dream Speech Text | Full Transcript. (Uh huh) And when his wrinkled stomach cried out for the food that his empty pockets could not provide, (Yes, sir) he ate Jim Crow, a psychological bird that told him that no matter how bad off he was, at least he was a white man, better than the black man. (Yes, sir) But in spite of this, we must go on and be sure that they did not die in vain. We can end poverty in the United States...We have the resources. Now, let me say, finally, that we have difficult days ahead. (Yes, sir) Glory, hallelujah! Tell it), Up to the walls of Jericho they marched, spear in hand. And that is that although it may be true that morality cannot be legislated, behavior can be regulated. We will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nations into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. (Speak, sir) The leaders of this movement began awakening the poor white masses (Yes, sir) and the former Negro slaves to the fact that they were being fleeced by the emerging Bourbon interests. The question is whether our nation has the will, and I submit that if we can spend $35 billion a year to fight an ill-considered war in Vietnam, and $20 billion to put a man on the moon, our nation can spend billions of dollars to put God's children on their own two … Speak) that electrified the nation (Well) and the world. There can be no separate white path to power and fulfillment, short of social disaster. “Why don’t you teach your people,” he said, “to lift themselves by their own bootstraps.” And then he went on to say other groups are faced disadvantages, the Irish, the Italians, and he went down the line. Suddenly I saw my dog in the text and personal viewpoint your own words of speech mlk date other effective antibiotics. And I submit, this afternoon, that we can end poverty in the United States. (Right sir) And he ate Jim Crow. And so we must do certain things for ourselves, but this must not negate the fact and cause the nation to overlook the fact that the Negro cannot solve the problem himself. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (15:19) Some are Mexican-American, some are Puerto Ricans, some are Indians, some happen to be from other groups, millions of them are Appalachian whites. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, “The Danger of a … It is the false and tragic notion that one particular group, one particular race, is responsible for all of the progress, all of the insights in the total flow of history. Let us march on ballot boxes (Let us march) until the Wallaces of our nation tremble away in silence. It is much easier to integrate a public park than it is to make genuine quality integrated education a reality. And in the final analysis, a riot is the language of the unheard. We’re going to win our freedom. He said: That with tears hath been watered. National gross product of America will rise to the astounding figure of some 780 billion dollars this year. Glory, hallelujah! They made cotton kings. It is the notion almost that there is something in the very flow oF time that will miraculously cure all evils. Because he was black, doors were closed to him that would not close to other groups. Thank you. And I submit that if we can spent 35 billion dollars a year to fight an ill-considered war in Vietnam and 20 billion dollars to put a man on the moon, our nation can spend billion of dollars on their own two feet, right here on earth. Now, one of the answers, it seems to me, is a guaranteed annual income, a guaranteed minimum income for all people and for all families of our country. In a sense, this was a struggle for decency. Mlk speech date for the best christmas present in the world essay. Certain conditions continue to exist in our society, which must be condemned as vigorously as we condemn riots. Speak, sir) So I stand before you this afternoon (Speak, sir. In 1863, the Negro was freed from the bondage of physical slavery. Let us march on poverty (Let us march) until no American parent has to skip a meal so that their children may eat. Statistics would say, from the Labor Department, that among Negros, it’s about 8.4%. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together." Integration must be seen also in political terms, where there is shared power, and where black men and white men share power together, to build a new and a great nation. Even though it may be true that the law cannot change the heart, it can restrain the harvest. About OKRA. But there is another speech I have in mind on this MLK day, and it reminds us both of King's legacy and of the work that is left to do, for President Obama, for us and for our future. He went on to say that it was freedom without bread to eat, freedom without land to cultivate. Now it is not an accident that one of the great marches of American history should terminate in Montgomery, Alabama. 2. So in a real sense, our nation’s summer’s riots are caused by our nation’s winters of delay. N. 1996, speech mlk vietnam o dowd. And I still believe that these problems can be solved. No lie can live forever. Why, if the poor white plantation or mill worker became dissatisfied with his low wages, the plantation or mill owner would merely threaten to fire him and hire former Negro slaves and pay him even less. (Yes, sir) Alabama has tried to nurture and defend evil, but evil is choking to death in the dusty roads and streets of this state. And so as a result of all of this, we see many problems existing today that are growing more difficult. Today, all of our cities confront huge problems. All right) And in a real sense this afternoon, we can say that our feet are tired, (Yes, sir) but our souls are rested. The statistics can be gotten because they are still somehow in the labor market. (Right) I want you to follow me through here because this is very important to see the roots of racism and the denial of the right to vote. Martin Luther King, Jr.: ( 05:50) Now, let me say that the struggle for our civil rights and the struggle to make these two Americas one America is much more difficult today than it was five, 10 years ago. And so I plead with you this afternoon as we go ahead: remain committed to nonviolence. It is the affirmation that the very being of a people is inferior. By the thousands, we protested these conditions. One is the notion that only time can solve the problem of racial injustice. It was wrong and tragic that the Negro ever allowed himself to be ashamed of the fact that he was black, or ashamed of the fact that his ancestral home was Africa. Mr. Bell, and members of the faculty and members of the student body of this great institution of learning, ladies and gentlemen. Since the text he is preching about is Jobs book (14:7-15), this must be the 25th sunday after trinity, since this is the text of that day in the second (b) row of churchtexts. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (22:56) (Yes, sir) I know there is a cry today in Alabama, (Uh huh) we see it in numerous editorials: "When will Martin Luther King, SCLC, SNCC, and all of these civil rights agitators and all of the white clergymen and labor leaders and students and others get out of our community and let Alabama return to normalcy?". The Negro needs the white man to save him from his fears, the white man needs the Negro to save him from his guilt. It is not the assertion that certain people are behind, culturally or otherwise, because of environmental conditions. The burning of our churches will not deter us. How remarkable that even amongst the fear of death threats that were so common near the end of his life, that Martin Luther King continued to preach a message of love and continued to serve and inspire until his last day. I must admit to you that there are still jail cells waiting for us, and dark and difficult moments. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Let us therefore continue our triumphant march (Uh huh) to the realization of the American dream. And so I refuse to despair. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 gave Negroes some part of their rightful dignity, (Speak, sir) but without the vote it was dignity without strength. They’ve come to feel that life is a long and desolate corridor for them, with no exit sign. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (09:00) There are those who would estimate that these persons who are called the discouraged persons would be 6% or 7% in the Negro community. The handwritten version is from King, “The Montgomery Story, Address at 47th Annual NAACP Convention,” 27 June 1956. Man was on the plane with me some weeks ago, and he came and talked with me, and he said, “The problem, Dr. King, that I see with what you all are doing is that every time I see you and other Negros, you are protesting. Many things were gained, as a result of these years of struggle. Try Rev for free and save time transcribing, captioning, and subtitling. (Yes, sir), Thus, the threat of the free exercise of the ballot by the Negro and the white masses alike (Uh huh) resulted in the establishment of a segregated society. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (27:19) To use a philosophical analogy here, racism is not based on some empirical generalization. (Yes, sir) That’s what happened when the Negro and white masses of the South threatened to unite and build a great society: a society of justice where none would pray upon the weakness of others; a society of plenty where greed and poverty would be done away; a society of brotherhood where every man would respect the dignity and worth of human personality. Well) with the conviction that segregation is on its deathbed in Alabama, and the only thing uncertain about it is how costly the segregationists and Wallace will make the funeral. (Yes, sir. (Yes, sir) The beating and killing of our clergymen and young people will not divert us. Dr. Martin Luther King gave his “The Other America” speech to supporters participating in a celebratory “Salute to Freedom,” organized by the Local 1199 in New York City. And all of this, and all of these things, tell us that America has been back lashing on the whole question of basic constitutional and God-given rights for Negros and other disadvantaged groups for more than 300 years. I say that if the inexpressible cruelties of slavery couldn’t stop us, the opposition that we now face, including the so-called white backlash, will surely fail. That is if we are to go on in the days ahead and make true brotherhood a reality, it is necessary for us to realize, more than ever before, that the destinies of the Negro and the white man are tied together. Now, nobody can doubt the need for this. We must come to see now that integration is not merely a romantic or aesthetic something, where you merely add color to a still predominantly white power structure. And those who project this argument, contend that you’ve got to change the heart, and that you can’t change the heart through legislation. Click the links below to jump to a specific speech. But today, I would like to talk mainly about the race problem, since I have to rush right out and go to New York to talk about Vietnam tomorrow, and I’ve been talking about it a great deal this week and weeks before that. We have walked through desolate valleys and across the trying hills. I preach about it. It can be used either constructively or destructively. In 1967 this was sunday the 12. of november, which makes me pretty sure, that this speech is from that date. Get a weekly digest of the week’s most important transcripts in your inbox. This America is the habitat of millions of people who have food and material necessities for their bodies and culture and education for their minds, and freedom and human dignity for their spirit. So I will continue to condemn riots and continue to say to my brothers and sisters that this is not the way. And that will be a day not of the white man, not of the black man. There are those, and they’re often sincere people, that will say to Negros and their allies in the white community, that we should slow up and just be nice and patient and continue to pray. (Yes, sir) Some now long-gone black bard bequeathed to posterity these words in ungrammatical form, (Yes, sir) yet with emphatic pertinence for all of us today. Well) Out of this struggle, more than bus [de]segregation was won; a new idea, more powerful than guns or clubs was born. But it doesn’t take us long to realize that America has been the home of its white exiles from Europe, but it has not evinced the same kind of maternal care and concern for its black exiles from Africa. We must develop massive action programs all over the United States of America, in order to deal with the problems that I have mentioned. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (19:06) We have been drenched by the rains. It’s something that is often overlooked, but Negros generally live in worse slums today than 20 or 25 years ago. We are seeking to make America one nation, indivisible with liberty and justice for all. Given only ten days after his Riverside Church address, he also tied the Vietnam War to anti-poverty efforts: “If we spend thirty-five billion dollars a year to fight an ill-conceived war in Vietnam and … But at the same time, it is as necessary for me to be as vigorous in condemning the conditions which cause persons to feel that they must engage in riotous activities, as it is for me to condemn riots. There is a great deal that the Negro must do and can do to amass political and economic power within his own community and by using his own resources. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (07:13) It is a myth of the superior and the inferior race. I went on to remind him that the other problem that we have faced over the years is that the society placed a stigma on the color of the Negro, on the color of his skin. Martin Luther King, Jr.: (08:23) Montgomery was the first city in the South in which the entire Negro community united and squarely faced its age-old oppressors. And you aren’t doing anything for yourselves.” And he went on to tell me that he was very poor at one time, and he was able to make it by doing something for himself. That will be the day of man as man. And as long as America postpones justice, we stand in the position of having these recurrences of violence and riots over and over again. And I’m convinced that many of the very people who supported us in the struggle in the South are not willing to go all the way now. It’s much easier to guarantee the right to vote than it is to guarantee the right to live in sanitary, decent housing conditions. Our aim must never be to defeat or humiliate the white man, but to win his friendship and understanding. We must come to see that the end we seek is a society at peace with itself, a society that can live with its conscience. The battle is in our hands. That will be a great day. (Yes, sir. It’s in the South, it’s in the North, it’s in California and all over our nation. (Yes, sir. (Yes, sir), How long? All of our cities are potentially powder kegs, as a result of the continued existence of these conditions. Yet, Selma, Alabama, became a shining moment in the conscience of man. And when she answered, "No," the person said, "Well, aren’t you tired?" Martin Luther King, Jr.: (40:13) Martin Luther King, Jr.: (20:15) Now, let me say that the struggle for our civil rights and the struggle to make these two Americas one America is much more difficult today than it was five, 10 years ago. Let me say, as I’ve always said, and I will always continue to say, that riots are socially destructive and self-defeating. There were no laws segregating the races then. But we must keep going. And I have heard this over and over again. But tragically and unfortunately, there is another America. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “The Other America” speech at Stanford University, April, 14, 1967 Fifty years ago today—on March 10, 1968—the Rev. But we must see that the struggle today is much more difficult. Two speeches in April 1967, ten days apart, show MLK differentiating clearly between the violence of the state, the police, and white supremacy and the violence of the oppressed. And when they were sitting at those lunch hours, they were, in reality, standing up for the best in the American dream and seeking to take the whole nation back to those great wells of democracy, which were dug deep by the founding fathers in the formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.