It literally means 'of or belonging in an officina', and that it was officially recognised as a medicinal herb. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Add compost or peat humus to loosen soil if needed to keep soil light and airy, and don’t pack the soil in after planting. Pulmonaria are woodland hardy perennials.. It has also … obscura and commonly known as Suffolk Lungwort it is classed as ‘Endangered’. It was inspired and guided by Dr C. D. Pigott with the assistance of J. A number of uncommon species are present including Herb Paris (Paris quadrifolia), Yellow Archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon), Hairy Woodrush (Luzula pilosa) and the rare Lungwort (Pulmonaria obscura). When seedlings have their first pair of true leaves and are large enough to handle, transplant into 7.5cm (3in) pots containing peaty compost to grow on. Pulmonaria is a member of the borage family, and considering its early flowering time is always able to attract an abundance of appreciative bees. Considering its early flowering time, Pulmonaria attract an abundance of bees. Plant Uses: Formerly Pulmonaria obscura has been considered a variety or subspecies of P. officinalis and has the synonym of Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. Plant your seedlings in partial to full shade in a humus rich, well-drained woodland soil type. Please try again. Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! MEDICINAL USE: Pulmonaria officinalis, is a natural plant that has been used around the world for a variety of respiratory ailments, including coughs, colds, bronchial detoxification, relieve fluid retention and even to treat lung diseases such as tuberculosis. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. The flower stems of Pulmonaria obscura rise above the foliage up to 30cm (12in) tall and produce clusters of downward nodding bells that are notched and flared. Pulmonaria officinalis seed, content: approx. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . In autumn sow the seeds on the surface of seed compost, cover with grit and keep in a shaded cold-frame or cool glasshouse. While many varieties have marked foliage from where they get the common name of ‘Spotted Dog’, one of the distinctions of Pulmonaria obscura is the lack of, or only faint markings on the foliage. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Details: Plant description & care. Pulmonaria from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Pulmonaria available to buy include the following: PULMONARIA 'Blue Ensign' ,PULMONARIA officinalis 'Rubra' ,PULMONARIA officinalis … Plant them quite deep, so the top of the roots are 25mm (1in) below the soil level. As a matter of fact the … Pulmonaria obscura is known from just three small locations in adjacent ancient Suffolk woodlands. Plant family: Boraginaceae Country of origin: Central Europe Eastern Europe Plant height approx. It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. Amending your soil with compost or peat moss will improve the growth of Pulmonaria and improve moisture retention. Pulmonaria officinalis seed, content: approx. A population of lungwort has been known at Burgate Wood in East Suffolk since 1842. The use of some kind of drop cloth, like a handkerchief or cheese cloth might be helpful in collecting seed as they are dislodged. Please try your search again later. Varieties of Lungwort . Pulmonaria officinalis, commonly known as Jerusalem-sage, Jerusalem cowslip or blue lungwort, is a bristly, clumping, slowly spreading, rhizomatous, herbaceous perennial of the borage family. Lungwort plants grow in clumps and reach a height of about 40 cm. Most pulmonaria plants are hybrids, so growing from seed is not recommended. AmazonBasics Wall Planter, Round - Grey/Copper, AmazonBasics Hanging Planter, Oval - White/Black, AmazonBasics Hanging Planter, Square - White/Black, AmazonBasics Hanging Planter, Round - White/Black, AmazonBasics Tabletop Planter, Oval - Grey/Copper, Amazon Brand – Rivet Geometric Ceramic Planter, 4.1"H, White and Grey. Add compost or peat humus to … Cultivars and species are popular with gardeners, they are perfect perennials for a semi shady garden and are one of the first perennials to emerge and bloom in spring. : 1071E. After flowering, the stems lay on the ground, as new leaves are grown. Pulmonaria (Lungwort) officinalis 100 seeds. Pulmonaria plants prefer light shade and a moist but well-drained site, where they establish quickly and make a superb spring show. Ecologists have spent a long time pondering why some flowers change colours as they age. Burgate still has its Medieval wood, complete with original bank and ditch, 'giant coppiced stools' and the earthworks of a lost moated manor. Divide congested plants in the spring in cooler areas or the autumn in warmer areas. Introduction. It is a rough-hairy perennial that grows to 12” tall spreading to 18” wide. obscura. Price: $15.11 ($1.51 / 10 Items) + shipping. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. The leaves remain quite fresh throughout the growing season unless subjected to prolonged sun and heat. The study of Pulmonaria obscura, published in 1996 by C. R. Birkinshaw and M. N. Sanford began when C. R. Birkinshaw was employed by the Nature Conservancy Council and based at Cambridge University Botanic Garden. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. When dividing plants, don’t panic if the plants wilt soon after division, once established, lungwort need little extra care. Free at Cambridge University Botanic Gardens. Seed Catalogue No. Pulmonaria 'Excalibur': A clump former with silver leaves and long-lasting violet-blue flowers, this variety is mildew resistant. Ideally they should be planted in moist, well drained, enriched soil, but they can adapt to slightly dry and average soil. Please try again. Top dress with composted manure and bone meal (if soil tends toward acid) as soon as flowering is complete, and twice more during the summer with a mild fertiliser such as fish emulsion. Burgate Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI. Plant your seedlings in partial to full shade in a humus rich, well-drained woodland soil type. Formerly Pulmonaria obscura has been considered a variety or subspecies of P. officinalis and has the synonym of Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. They … $17.38$17.38. How to Grow Pulmonaria Plants Guide to Growing Lungwort and Bethlehem Sage. Plant them in a humus-rich, moisture retentive soil and in partial shade. There is no public access to Burgate Wood, Stubbing's Wood or Gittin Wood and permission to enter must be obtained from the owners in order to visit. Pulmonaria seeds need a period of cold to enable them to germinate. In fact it is useful in the treatment of chest diseases and asthma. Pulmonaria produce flower clusters on stems with small leaves that emerge in early spring prior to the more decorative mature foliage … Try pairing your lungwort with other shade loving, low growing plants like hosta, farfugium, achimenes, heuchera, ferns, and ophiopogon. It usually prefers poorly drained, nutrient-rich, and mostly calcareous soils. The Suffolk Woods: However, now, on the basis of the sterility of hybrids between the two taxa , its specific status is generally accepted. Burgate Wood is a site of special scientific interest but the other two sites have no legal protection although they are on the register of county wildlife sites. Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers … However, plants of Pulmonaria obscura originating from Burgate Wood can be seen in Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Seed is not easy to collect, each flower might produce seed but only one seed per flower. 1055 real lungwort seeds . Genus: Pulmonaria. ). Two centuries ago, the Enclosures impacted on the old landscape by dismembering commons and open field systems. In spring, the plant produces small bunches of flowers. Seed Collecting: If you are happy to take on custodianship of these plants, it would be a good thing to collect seeds after flowering. This plant is known from just three small locations in adjacent ancient Suffolk woodlands. The reason for the colour change is probably to do with pollination biology: only the freshest flowers have the nectar that the pollinators are interested in, but the older flowers add to the size of the inflorescence and make it look more impressive and thus play a part in attracting insects, even as they age. It is one of the earliest spring flowers, flowering … Pulmonaria officinalis is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Pulmonaria cultivars rival hellebores to be the first flowering perennials in the late winte… There are well over a dozen species of Pulmonaria, but only a few commonly cultivated for garden use. Origin: The leaves of this host plant are eaten by the caterpillars of the moth Ethmia pusiella. Pulmonaria obscura is sometimes grown in Finland as an ornamental, and in olden times it was used as a medicinal herb in the same fashion as its more southern relative, Pulmonaria officinalis. Pulmonaria are a shade loving plant which prefer moist, well-drained soil, in shade or semishade and in these conditions Pulmonaria will thrive and the plants … : 20 – 40 cm Flowering time: March April May Flower colour: Blue Pink Purple Violet Root system : obscura. Find answers in product info, Q&As, reviews. Pulmonaria (Lungwort) officinalis 100 seeds 1 out of 5 stars 1. Different Pulmonaria flower colours and leaf shapes are available, as are plants … English Name(s): Jerusalem Cowslip, Lungwort. The ground flora contains much Dog's Mercury (Mercurialis perennis) with frequent Primrose (Primula vulgaris), Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lutetiana), Sanicle (Sanicula europaea) and Water Avens (Geum rivale). The diversity of the plant life in this landscape is a measure of how long such traditional features have existed. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. It covers a total area of 18 square metres and has only 600 individual stands. Pulmonaria obscura grows in deciduous and coniferous mixed forests. The ground flora is diverse and includes several species that are indicators of ancient woodland, including one rarity. Seeds are best sown as soon as collected and given a period of freezing. (dusky, indistinct or uncertain.) Immaculata = Unspotted form of the species. Medicinal Uses: Herb: Lungwort Latin name: Pulmonaria officinalis Synonyms: Pulmonaria maculata Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family) Medicinal use of Lungwort: Lungwort has a high mucilage content and this makes it useful in the treatment of chest conditions, being of … As they eat it the ants transport the seeds to new growing places. With acknowledgment to ‘Pulmonaria obscura Dumort. The 5-petal flowers are red or pink at first, later turn to blue-purple during the anthesis, by changing the pH value inside of the petals. Pulmonaria produce flower clusters on stems with small leaves that emerge … Pulmonaria Moonshine -- Bluestone Perennials A different Pulmonaria - leaves are more rounded and almost completely silvered when mature. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Health Embassy Lungwort Herb (Pulmonaria officinalis L.) (50g). Position: This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. The seeds can also be sown during warmer times of the year, but it would be necessary to artificially simulate winter using the following method of 'stratification': Your question might be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who bought this product. Nomenclature: Ships from and sold by Hazzard's Greenhouse . Formerly known as Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. ; Pulmonaria 'Spilled Milk': This hybrid has the familiar pink to blue flowers. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. The flower takes its colour from an anthocyanin which acts like a litmus test paper and changes colour as the cell fluid becomes more alkaline as the cells age. They are beautiful when combined with other shade lovers such as wild Primroses and Hosta. The RHS also offers advice on growing the plant. I planted them and nothing came up. If it does not die back, remove damaged or dead foliage to promote fresh spring growth. Pulmonaria officinalis is diploid and has the chromosome number 2n = 14. Details: Plant description & care. They will tolerate full sun if the soil remains moist at all times. Perfect for semi shady spots, used as an underplanting or groundcover it is an excellent choice for the front of a shady border. In hot humid climates, Pulmonaria will go dormant in midsummer, reappearing when the weather cools toward autumn. Inspect the seeds after two weeks and remove as the seedlings appear, plant them in single small pots or trays and returning the ungerminated seeds to the fridge. I am not alone in recommending Pulmonaria officinalis and other Pulmonaria species as garden flowers: Lungwort was Plant of the Week in The Guardian in March 2017 and featured in The Telegraph in 2002. In autumn sow the seeds on the surface of seed compost, cover with grit and keep in a shaded cold-frame or cool glasshouse. The word officinalis is derived from the Latin officina meaning a storeroom (of a monastery) for medicines and necessaries. Pulmonaria are fairly short lived plants, living at most 10 years under ideal conditions. Pulmonaria, commonly known as Lungwort, are wonderful shade garden plants with stunning bi-color silver and green foliage. It conjures up images of a storeroom where apothecaries and herbalists stored their herbs. Lifecycle: Perennial. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pulmonaria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. The plant has been used since the Middle Ages to treat coughs and diseases of the chest, perhaps for its hard hairiness (expectorant effect). Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. Before planting outdoors, gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for 10 to 15 days. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. Pulmonaria obscura, the Suffolk lungwort flowers early in the spring in lush woods, where it competes with hepatica and wood anemone. Ideally they should be planted in moist, well drained, enriched soil, but they can adapt to slightly dry and average soil. It is a perennial plant that grows well … Unable to add item to List. The wood contains a mysterious set of earthworks which are a Scheduled Ancient Monument No: 30571. It is a member of the Boraginaceae, the borage family. Pulmonaria officinalis is a British wildflower, although it is not often found in the wild, and is usually planted in a herbaceous border or cottage garden. Synonyms Pulmonaria officinalis subsp. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. The newly opened flowers are light red, changing later to purple and finally virtually blue at maturity, usually appearing in late March to early April they last for a few weeks. In Austria, the species is very rare and endangered, while it is common in Northern Switzerland. 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